Mar 8, 2022
Verbs Review 1
VERBS ❓In etymology (study of words), verbs are: - a part of speech -words that declare an action in relation to a noun/subject - They tells us what a subject is doing/what is happening Can we make sentences without verbs? 🙅♀️ NO. Why do we need them? Because, the tense(time) of a verb is determined by the action when took place. 🆎️Types of verbs 1. Regular/Irregular 2. Stative/Active 3. Transitive/Intransitive 4. Main/Helping (Auxiliary) 5. Primary Auxiliary/Modal 6. Finite/Infinitive 7. Gerunds 8. Linking verb/Copula 9. Phrasal verbs 🚨Today, we review regular/irregular, stative/active and transitive/intransitive. 1️⃣ REGULAR VERBS - words with normal inflection (rhythm/tone/conjugation/form) - used in simple past/past participle - words that end with (+ed) 👷♂️Formation Regular verb = Base form + ed * If word ends with "e" add "d" e.g. bake(d), if it ends with "y" remove the "y" add (+ied) e.g. cr(ied) and if it ends with consonant, double the last letter and add (+ed) e.g. stop(ped). ✍In sentences? ➕Positive/Affirmative Work -> I worked/I have worked/ I had worked. *no different forms for every subject. ➖Negative * Use helping verb "do" * Do is an irregular verb which has 5 forms "do, does, doing, did, done" Base form/Present simple = Do Present simple = Does Past simple = Did Present partiple = Doing Past participle = Done Work -> I do not work/I don't work/I did not work/I didn't work * Verb goes back to base form ❓Question/Interrogative -Verb goes back to base form as well. - Uses all question forms, e.g. Did/Didn't (I, you, we, they, he, she, it) - Also uses question words such as Where, When, Why, How, What. Work -> Did you work? Where do you work? 2️⃣IRREGULAR VERBS - No typical pattern, rhythm, conjugation, tone - Learned from dictionary - Used in Past simple and Past participle - Changes in positive sentences, returns to base form in negative and interogative sentences Go: ➕I went to work. ➖ I didn't go to work. ❓ Did he go to work? 3️⃣STATIVE VERBS - used to describe a state of being (I am) or a situation (I have) - they express an opinion - they don't show physical action - Are not used in present/future continuous tenses - Thus, they cannot be used in (ing) form -Examples include, be, have, think, love,like,hate, taste, recognise, remember, believe, understand Sentence Examples 1. I have a large family. 2. Michael liked the strawberry icecream. 4️⃣ ACTIVE VERBS - are also called dynamic verbs - used to show physical action - Used in (+ing) form 🔅 DIFFERENCES STATIVE/ACTIVE Action verbs -> Who's shouting? -> The children are playing in the park. 🙊 I am having a large family. -> I am liking this icecream. 5️⃣ TRANSITIVE VERBS -verbs that take an object usually a noun or a pronoun. Sentence examples: 1. Cristiano Ronaldo scored a goal(object). 2. I baked a cake(object). 6️⃣INTRANSITIVE VERBS -verbs that do not require an object to complete its meaning - it only involves the subject - it is not done to someone or something - uses another verb, adverb, adjective, prepositional phrase - it cannot take passive form - e.g. laugh, live, cry, run, sleep, sit, stand Sentence examples: 1. The old man laughed loudly. (Adverb of manner not noun) 2. The young girl cried bitterly. Adverb of manner not noun. 3. The baby smiled widely. 4. I jog around the neighborhood every day. (Prepositional phrase, adverb of frequency) ☆Some verbs can also be both transitive/intransitive e.g. 1. Urged by others, she sang. 2. She sang at the Annual National Academy Dinner.