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Feb 24, 2022

Simple Tenses Review

SIMPLE TENSES REVIEW ☆The tense of a verb is determined by when the action took place. 😀 Simple Present Tense ❓What? -> Used to describe an action that is regular, true or normal ♻️Use: 1. For repeated/regular actions E.g. Michael sleeps eight hours each night. I brush my teeth twice a day. 2. For facts/permanent ideas E.g. A dog has four legs. Christmas day is celebrated on December 25th. 3. For habits/routines E.g. They travel to their vacation home every weekend. They have a barbecue every Saturday. 4. For things that are always/generally true E.g. It snows a lot in winter. They speak English at school. 🏗Form ☆ All sentences are formed as verb (base form) + object (optional) 💁‍♀️First person plural 'I'+ verb (base form) + object (optional) ✅ I go to work everyday. ‘I’ + do not + verb (base form) + object (optional) ✅ I do not go to work everyday. 👭Second person plural ‘We’+ verb (base form) + object (optional) ✅ We go to work everyday. `We'+ do not + verb (base form) + object (optional) ✅We do not go to work everyday Do + ‘we’ + verb (base form) + object (optional)? ✅ Do we go to work everyday? Do+'we'+‘not’ + verb (base form) + object (optional)? ✅ Don't we go to work every day? ✅ Do we not go to work everyday? 🤷‍♀️Second person singular 'You’+ verb (base form) + object (optional) ✅ You go to work everyday. Do + ‘you’ + ‘not’ + verb (base form) + object (optional)? ✅Do you not go to work everyday? ✅Don't you go to work everyday? 🧍‍♂️Third person singular He/ She/ Common Nouns/ Proper Nouns + verb (base form) with s/es at the end + object (optional) ✅He goes to work everyday. ✅The women go to work everyday. ✅District 52 Firefighters go to work everyday. He/ She/ Proper Noun/ Common Noun + do/ does not + verb (base form) + object (optional) ✅He does not go to work everyday. ✅ The women do not go to work everyday. ✅ District 52 Firefighters do not go to work everyday. Do/ Does + he/ she/ common noun/ proper noun + verb (base form) + object (optional)? ✅ Does he go to work everyday? ✅ Do the women go to work everyday? ✅ Do District 52 Firefighters go to work everyday? 👨‍👩‍👧‍👦Third person plural They/ Common Nouns + verb (base form) + object (optional) ✅They go to work everyday. ✅The men go to work everyday. They/ common noun + do not + verb (base form) + object (optional) ✅ They do not go to work everyday. ✅  Firefighters do not go to work everyday. Do+ They/common noun + verb (base form) + object (optional)? ✅ Do they go to work everyday? Do + They/ common noun + ‘not’ + verb (base form) + object (optional)? ✅ Do they not go to work everyday? ✅ Don't they go to work everyday? 💡 Remember, the Simple Present Tense uses the verb in the base form except where the subject is He/She/It (add s/es).

🤔 Simple Past Tense ❓ What is it? -> Used to describe an action or event that has taken place/happenned and is finished/now over. ♻️Uses 1. Express the recent past E.g. We visited Rome yesterday. 2. Expressed with/without time expression E.g. Samuel called last week/yesterday. I prepared lunch. 3. Expresses the distant past E.g. She lived in Paris a long time ago. 4. Expresses one action E.g. She talked to her manager. 5. Expresses many actions E.g. They invited friends, ordered pizza and talked about school. 🏗Form ☆For positive sentences = verb (+ed regular verbs/dictionary third form for irregular verbs) + object optional ☆For all other sentences, verb goes back to base form. 💁‍♀️First person singular ‘I’ + verb(3rd form)+ object (optional) ✅ I went to work everyday ‘I’ + did not + verb (base form) + object (optional) ✅ I did not go to work everyday. * I do not go to work everyday (present tense) Did + [subject] + verb (base form) + object(optional)? ✅ Did I go to work everyday? Did + [subject] + not + verb (base form) + object(optional)? ✅ Did I not go to work everyday? 👭First person plural ‘We’+ verb (3rd form) + object (optional) ✅ We went to work everyday. ‘We’ + did not + verb (base form) + object (optional). ✅ We did not go to work everyday Did + [subject] + verb (base form) + object(optional)? ✅ Did we go to work everyday? Did + [subject] + not + verb (baseform) + object(optional)? ✅ Did we not go to work everyday? ✅ Didn't we go to work everyday? 🤷‍♀️Second Person ‘you’+ verb(3rd form)+ object (optional) ✅You went to work everyday. ‘You’ + did not + verb (base form) + object (optional) ✅You did not go to work everyday. Did + [subject] + verb (base form) + object(optional)? ✅Did you go to work everyday? Did + [subject] + not + verb (base form) + object(optional)? ✅ Did you not go to work everyday? ✅ Didn't you go to work everyday? 🧍‍♂️Third person singular He/ She/ Common Nouns/ Proper Nouns + verb(3rd form)+ object (optional) ✅He went to work everyday. ✅The women went to work everyday. He/ She/ Common Nouns/ Proper Nouns + did not + verb (base form) + object (optional) ✅ He did not go to work everyday. ✅ The women did not go to work everyday. Did + subject( He/ She/ Common Nouns/ Proper Nouns) + verb (base form) + object(optional)? ✅ Did he go to work everyday? Did + [subject] + not + verb (base form) + object (optional)? ✅ Did he not go to work everyday? ✅ Didn't he go to work everyday? 👨‍👩‍👧‍👦Third person plural They/ Common Nouns + verb(3rd form)+ object (optional) ✅ They went to work everyday. They/ Common nouns + did not + verb (base form) + object (optional) ✅ They did not go to work everyday. ✅ They didn't go to work everyday. Did + [subject] + verb (base form) + object(optional) ✅ Did they go to work everyday? Did + [subject] + not + verb (base form) + object(optional)? ✅ Did they not go to work everyday? ✅ Didn't they go to work everyday? ☆Other question forms such as "Where, When, Why, How and What' can also be used. 💡Remember, the verb changes in positive/affirmative sentences only.

😟Simple Future Tense ❓What is it? ->used to express an action that will occur or happen in the future. ->refers to a time later than now, and expresses facts or certainty. ♻️Uses 1. Used to give information about facts or events of certainty. E.g. It will rain tommorrow. James will be 25 years old next year. 2. Used to give a warning E.g. The dog will bite you. You will be grounded. You will hurt yourself. 3. Used to take a spontaneous decision E.g. You dropped your wallet. I'll get it for you. There is no rice in the pantry. I will go to the store to buy some rice. 4. Used to express readiness E.g. I will do it. I will work. I will go. 5. Used to express willingness/to volunteer E.g. I will send you the information when I get it. I will give you a call when he gets back Will you help me love this table? In 2022, I will volunteer at an orphanage. 6. Make suggestions using "shall". 'Shall' is not widely used in spoken English. It is used in formally written articles or legal documents. E.g  Shall I open the window/blinds? Shall we go to the cinema tonight? 7. Used to give an invitation or order someone E.g. Will you come to the dance with me? Will you marry me? You will do exactly as I say! You will turn in your assignment on Monday by 5:00 PM. 8. To make confident predictions/more uncertain ones E.g. I think our team will win the baseball game. 2022 will be an interesting year. I think he will pass his exams this time. If he wins the election, John Smith will be the next president. If her song is well received by the Committee, Adele will win another Grammy this year. 9. Ask questions about the future E.g. Will the grinch discover the meaning of Christmas? Will he pirates find the treasure? 10. Used to express a promise E.g. I will call you when I arrive. I promise, I will keep this a secret. Don't worry. I'll be careful. 🏗Form All sentences are formed by will + verb (base form). 💁‍♀️First person singular/plural I/ We + will + verb (base form)+ object (optional) ✅I will go to work everyday. ✅ We will go to work everyday. I/ We + will not + verb (base form)+ object (optional) ✅ I will not go to work everyday. ✅ We will not go to work everyday. Will + I/ We + verb (base form)+ object (optional)? ✅ Will I go to work everyday? ✅ Will we go to work everyday? Will + I/ We + not + verb (base form)+ object (optional)? ✅Will I not go to work everyday? ✅Will we not go to work everyday? 👨‍👩‍👧‍👦Second person/Third person singular/plural You/ He/ She/ Common or proper nouns/ They + will + verb (base form)+ object (optional) ✅You will go to work everyday. ✅He will go to work everyday. ✅She will go to work everyday. ✅They will go to work everyday. ✅ The women will go to work everyday. You/ He/ She/ Common or proper nouns/ They + will + not + verb (baseform)+ object (optional) ✅You will not go to work everyday. ✅He will not go to work everyday. ✅She will not go to work everyday. ✅They will not go to work everyday. ✅The women will not go to work everyday Will + [subject] + verb (base form) + object(optional)? Will you go to work everyday? Will he go to work everyday? Will she go to work everyday? Will they go to work everyday? Will the women go to work everyday? Will + [subject] + not + verb (base form) + object (optional)? Will you not go to work everyday? Will he not go to work everyday? Will she not go to work everyday? Will they not go to work everyday? Will the women not go to work everyday? 💡 Remember simple future tense also uses time markers such as tommorrow,  soon, next week, next month, in a week, in a month and the day after tommorrow.

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