Mar 9, 2022
Present Continuous Tense
PRESENT CONTINUOUS TENSE ❓Definition: 1. Present = Now 2. Continuous = not affected by disconnection or interruption," (French) "joining, connecting with something; following one after another,"(Latin) - Etymology (study of words) 3. Tense = Time 🧵🧶Use: 1. Actions happening now (at the time of speaking) Examples: • I am drinking tea. • We are having lunch. • It is raining outside. 2. Temporary activities (things done for a short amount of time) Examples: • Ann is learning to play piano • I am watching a really interesting Netflix series at the moment. • My mother in law is staying with us for a couple of weeks. 3. Changes that are taking place or happening now Examples: • English tables on Hilokal are becoming popular these days. • The price of goods is rising rapidly. • Scientists say that, the earth is getting warmer. 👷♂️Formation: Subject + to be (auxiliary/helping verb) + verb(ing) *To be (am, is, are) * I = am * is = He, she, it, John(person name) * are = we, they, John and I... ➕Positive sentences + I am watching Netflix. + He is fighting with the bullies. + You are talking a lot. ➖Negative sentences *add "not" to the helping verb "to be" - She is not talking on the phone. - We are not taking the bus. - I am not waiting for you. ❓Interrogative sentences * auxiliary verb "to be" comes at the beginning of the sentence. ? Is it raining? ? Am I going to go? ? Are they eating their lunch? 🤷♀️How do we form verb +ing word ending? 1. w,x and y ending words, we +ing without making any changes. Examples: Snow -> Snowing Mix-> Mixing Cry -> Crying 2. ie ending words, we change "ie" to "y" and +ing. Examples: Lie -> Lying Die-> Dying 3. Words ending with one "e", we drop the "e" and +ing. Examples: Make -> Making Prepare-> Preparing 4. Words that end with cvc(consonant-vowel-consonant), double the last letter and +ing. Examples: Shop -> Shopping Cut -> Cutting 5. Words that do not stress the last syllable and end with cvc, we +ing, without making any changes. Examples: Roll -> Rolling Open -> Opening 6. Words that don't follow the rules bymut are continuous, we +ing. Examples: Eat -> Eating Do -> Doing 7. Words that do not follow the rules byt are not continuous, we do not +ing Examples: Love -> Loving Hate -> Hating
Conversation 1 Person 1: Where are you? Person 2: I am (work) inside. I am (write) a letter to my friend. I am (tell) him about my life and my new job. Person 1: Are you (use) the computer? Person 2: I am not (use) the computer because I (like) to hand write letters. My hand is (get) tired though. Conversation 2 Person 2: Where is Mary? Person 1: Mary is (cook) in the kitchen. She is (chop) up some vegetables because she is (make) a vegetable soup. Person 2: How is she (make) it? Person 1: She is (read) a recipe and (follow) the instructions inside. She is (enjoy) herself. Conversation 3 Person 3: What is Bob (do)? Person 4: Bob is (work) on his car. He is (give) it a tune up. He is (change) the oil and (check) all the parts of the cars. Person 3: But, he is not (work)? He is just (stand) there! Person 4: He is (take) his time because he wants to do the job right. He is (listen) to the radio as he works. Conversation 4 Person 4: Where are the twins? Person 3: They are (play) outside. They are (play) soccer with their friends. They are (use) the front lawn as a soccer pitch. Person 4: (Is) they (have) fun? Person 3: They are (have) a lot of fun. They are (exercise) so they are (burn) lots of energy. I think they (is try) to lose weight.