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Mar 14, 2022

๐Ÿ’Korean Irregular Verb Lesson by Anna์Œค๐Ÿ’

๐Ÿ”ฐIrregular Verb ๋ถˆ๊ทœ์น™ ๋™์‚ฌ (ใ…‚) When ใ…‚ irregular stems are followed by a vowel, the ใ…‚ is dropped and ์šฐ is added to the stem. ๐Ÿ”บ๊ณ ๋ง™(๋‹ค) to be thankful ๊ณ ๋ง™ - ใ…‚ โ†’ ์šฐ + ์•„/์–ด์š” = ๊ณ ๋งˆ์›Œ์š” ๐Ÿ”บ๋งต(๋‹ค) ๋งต - ใ…‚ โ†’ ์šฐ + ์•„/์–ด์š” = ๋งค์›Œ์š” ๐Ÿ”บ์ถฅ(๋‹ค) to be cold ์ถฅ - ใ…‚ โ†’ ์šฐ + ์•„/์–ด์š” = ์ถ”์›Œ์š” ๐Ÿ”บ๋ฅ(๋‹ค) to be hot ๋ฅ - ใ…‚ โ†’ ์šฐ + ์•„/์–ด์š” = ๋”์›Œ์š” However there are 2 words (๊ณฑ๋‹ค beautiful/pretty, ๋•๋‹ค help) that meets ์•„/์–ด์š”. The ใ…‚ will change to ์˜ค. ๐Ÿ”บ๊ณฑ(๋‹ค) ๊ณฑ - ใ…‚ โ†’ ์˜ค + ์•„/์–ด์š” = ๊ณ ์™€์š” ๐Ÿ”บ๋•(๋‹ค) ๋• - ใ…‚ โ†’ ์˜ค + ์•„/์–ด์š” = ๋„์™€์š” โ€ผ๏ธNote that many verbs/adjectives with a ใ…‚ ๋ฐ›์นจ are regular (the ใ…‚ does not change). Regular Verbs ์ž…๋‹ค (wear) > ์ž…์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค > ์ž…์–ด์š” > ์ž…์œผ๋ฉด ์žก๋‹ค (catch) > ์žก์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค > ์žก์•„์š” > ์žก์œผ๋ฉด ์ข๋‹ค (narrow) > ์ข์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค > ์ข์•„์š” > ์ข์œผ๋ฉด ์ ‘๋‹ค (fold) > ์ ‘์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค > ์ ‘์•„์š” > ์ ‘์œผ๋ฉด ์ง‘๋‹ค (pick up) > ์ง‘์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค > ์ง‘์–ด์š” > ์ง‘์œผ๋ฉด ์”น๋‹ค (chew) > ์”น์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค > ์”น์–ด์š” > ์”น์œผ๋ฉด ๋ฝ‘๋‹ค (select, hire) > ๋ฝ‘์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค > ๋ฝ‘์•„์š” > ๋ฝ‘์œผ๋ฉด

๐Ÿ’ Irregular Verb List of ใ…‚ ๐Ÿ’ ์‰ฝ๋‹ค To be easy ๋งต๋‹ค To be spicy ์ถฅ๋‹ค To be cold ๋ฅ๋‹ค To be hot ๋•๋‹ค* To help ๊ณฑ๋‹ค* To be charming, to be lovely ๊ตฝ๋‹ค To roast, to bake ๊น๋‹ค To sew, to mend ์ค๋‹ค To pick up; To find ๋ˆ•๋‹ค To lie ๋ฌด๊ฒ๋‹ค To be heavy ๊ฐ€๋ณ๋‹ค To be light ๊ณ ๋ง™๋‹ค To be thankful ์–ด๋ ต๋‹ค To be difficult ๋”๋Ÿฝ๋‹ค To be dirty ๋ฌด์„ญ๋‹ค To be scary, to be frightening ๋‘๋ ต๋‹ค To be fearful, to be scared ๋ฐ˜๊ฐ‘๋‹ค To be glad, to be pleasant ๋ถ€๋Ÿฝ๋‹ค To be envious ์–ด๋‘ก๋‹ค To be dark, to be gloomy ์ฆ๊ฒ๋‹ค To be pleasant, to be enjoyable ๊ท€์—ฝ๋‹ค To be cute ์ฐธ๋‹ต๋‹ค To be truthful, to be sincere ์ƒˆ๋กญ๋‹ค To be new ์™ธ๋กญ๋‹ค To be lonely, to be solitary ํ•ด๋กญ๋‹ค To be detrimental ์ด๋กญ๋‹ค To be beneficial ์•„๋ฆ„๋‹ต๋‹ค To be beautiful ๊นŒ๋‹ค๋กญ๋‹ค To be picky to be choosy ํฅ๋ฏธ๋กญ๋‹ค To be interesting
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๐Ÿ”ฐใ…… Irregular Verb ๋ถˆ๊ทœ์น™ ๋™์‚ฌ (ใ……) โ€ผ๏ธRule 1 Irregular ใ…… verbs and adjectives only behave irregularly when conjugated with endings that start with a vowel. For example, endings such as ์•„์š”/์–ด์š” (present tense), ~(์œผ)๋ฉด ( if) With other endings that start with a consonant, for example (e.g. (์Šค)ใ…‚๋‹ˆ๋‹ค, irregular ใ…… verbs and adjectives do not behave irregularly. That is, they are conjugated just the same as regular verbs. โ€ผ๏ธRule 2 When conjugating ใ…… irregular verbs with endings that start with a vowel, ใ…… is always dropped from the verb stem. For example ๊ธ‹๋‹ค (to draw) + ์•„์š”/์–ด์š” = ๊ทธ์–ด์š”. This is because ใ…… is dropped from the verb stem before adding ์•„์š”/์–ด์š”. โ€ผ๏ธRule 3 Vowels do not combine when conjugating ใ…… irregular verbs. For example ๋งˆ์‹œ๋‹ค (to drink) + ์•„์š”/์–ด์š” (present tense) = ๋งˆ์…”์š” (NOT ๋งˆ์‹œ์–ด์š”). This is because the vowel ใ…ฃ from the verb stem and the vowel ใ…“ from the ending combine to make ใ…•. ์ง“๋‹ค (to build) + ์–ด์š” = ์ง€์–ด์š” (NOT ์ ธ์š”) ๋‚ซ๋‹ค (be better) + ์•„์š” = ๋‚˜์•„์š” (NOT ๋‚˜์š”) ๐ŸŒŸExample Sentence (irregular) ๐Ÿ”บํ•œ๊ตญ์—์„œ๋Š” ์•„ํŒŒํŠธ๋ฅผ ๋งŽ์ด ์ง€์–ด์š”. (์ง“๋‹ค) In Korea, they build lots of apartments. ๐Ÿ”บ์ €๋Š” ์ฑ…์„ ์ฝ์„ ๋•Œ ๋‹จ์–ด์— ๋ฐ‘์ค„์„ ๊ทธ์–ด์š”. (๊ธ‹๋‹ค) When I read books, I underline the words. ๐Ÿ”บ๋ฐค๋Šฆ๊ฒŒ ๋ผ๋ฉด์„ ๋จน์œผ๋ฉด ๋‹ค์Œ๋‚  ์–ผ๊ตด์ด ๋ถ€์–ด์š”. (๋ถ“๋‹ค) If you eat noodles late at night, you will have a swollen face the next day. ๐ŸŒŸRegular Verbs ์›ƒ๋‹ค (laugh) > ์›ƒ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค > ์›ƒ์–ด์š” >์›ƒ์–ด์„œ > ์›ƒ์œผ๋ฉด ์”ป๋‹ค (wash) > ์”ป์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค > ์”ป์–ด์š” > ์”ป์–ด์„œ > ์”ป์œผ๋ฉด ๋ฒ—๋‹ค (take off) > ๋ฒ—์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค > ๋ฒ—์–ด์š” > ๋ฒ—์–ด์„œ > ๋ฒ—์œผ๋ฉด ๋น—๋‹ค (comb) > ๋น—์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค > ๋น—์–ด์š” > ๋น—์–ด์„œ --> ๋น—์œผ๋ฉด ๋นผ์•—๋‹ค (take by force) > ๋นผ์•—์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค > ๋นผ์•—์–ด์š” > ๋นผ์•—์œผ๋ฉด โฃ๏ธExample Sentences ๐Ÿ”บ๋†๋‹ด์„ ๋“ฃ๊ณ  ํ•œ๋ฐ”ํƒ• ํฌ๊ฒŒ ์›ƒ์–ด์š”. I have a good laugh at joke. ๐Ÿ”บ๊ทธ ์‚ฌ๋žŒ์ด ๋‚ด ๋ฌผ๊ฑด์„ ๋นผ์•—์•˜์–ด์š”. He took my stuff away. ๐Ÿ”บ๋ฐฅ ๋จน๊ธฐ ์ „์— ์†์„ ๊ผญ ์”ป์–ด์•ผ ํ•ด์š”. You have to wash your hands before having a meal. ๐ŸŒŸใ…… Irregular Verb / ใ…… ๋ถˆ๊ทœ์น™ ๊ธ‹๋‹ค To draw (a line) ๋‚ซ๋‹ค To be better; To be cured ์ “๋‹ค To stir, to whip ์žฃ๋‹ค To spin ์ง“๋‹ค To build, to write ์ž‡๋‹ค To connect, to link ๋ถ“๋‹ค To swell; To pour ํŠน์ง•์ง“๋‹ค To characterize ๋ˆˆ๋ฌผ์ง“๋‹ค To shed tears, to weep ๋†์‚ฌ์ง“๋‹ค To farm ๊ฐ€๋กœ์ “๋‹ค To shake your head
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๐Ÿ”ฐ์œผ Irregular Verb ๋ถˆ๊ทœ์น™ ๋™์‚ฌ โ€ผ๏ธFor verb and adjective stems with (์œผ). (์œผ) is omitted without exception when adding an ending that begins with ์•„/์–ด. Then, the vowel that precedes determines whether ์•„ or ์–ด is used in the ending. ๐Ÿ”บWhen the vowel is ์•„ or ์˜ค, ์•„์š” is used ๐Ÿ”บwhen the vowel is not ์•„ or ์˜ค ์–ด์š” is used. โญ๋ฐ”์˜(๋‹ค) + ์•„/์–ด = ๋ฐ”ใ…ƒ => ๋ฐ”(vowel ใ…) + ์•„ = ๋ฐ”๋น  โญ์˜ˆ์˜(๋‹ค) + ์•„/์–ด > ์˜ˆ๋ฐฐ > ์˜ˆ (vowel ใ…–) + ์–ด ์˜ˆ๋ป โญ์“ฐ(๋‹ค) + ์•„/์–ด = ใ…† > no preceding syllable + ์–ด > ์จ Example Sentence: 1. ์ง€๋‚œ์ฃผ์— ์•„์ฃผ ๋ฐ”๋นด์–ด์š”. I was really busy last week. 2. ์˜ค๋žœ๋งŒ์— ์นœ๊ตฌ๋ฅผ ๋งŒ๋‚˜์„œ ์ •๋ง ๊ธฐ๋ปค์–ด์š”. I was so happy to meet my friend who haven't seen for a long time. 3. ์นœ๊ตฌํ•œํ…Œ ํŽธ์ง€๋ฅผ ์ผ์–ด์š”. I wrote a letter to my friend. ใ…ก Irregular Verb / ใ…ก ๋ถˆ๊ทœ์น™ ํฌ๋‹ค To be big ์“ฐ๋‹ค To write; To use ๋„๋‹ค To turn off ์˜ˆ์˜๋‹ค To be pretty ๋ฐ”์˜๋‹ค To be busy ์•„ํ”„๋‹ค To be painful, to be sick ๊ณ ํ”„๋‹ค To be hungry ๋‚˜์˜๋‹ค To be bad ๊ธฐ์˜๋‹ค To be happy ์Šฌํ”„๋‹ค To be sad ์ž ๊ทธ๋‹ค To lock ๋ชจ์œผ๋‹ค To gather, to collect

๐Ÿ”ฐ ๋ฅด Irregular Verbs Irregular verbs and adjectives ending in ๋ฅด only behave irregularly when an ending starting with ์•„ or ์–ด is attached. For example Grammar pattern like ์•„์š”/์–ด์š” (present tense), ์•˜์–ด์š”/์—ˆ์–ด์š” (past tense), etc. With endings which do not start with ์•„ or ์–ด, they do not behave irregularly and are just conjugated the same as normal. โ€ผ๏ธRule 1 When conjugating irregular ๋ฅด V/Adj with endings starting with ์•„ or ์–ด, ใ…ก is always dropped and an additional ใ„น is added. When conjugated in the present tense, ๋ชจ๋ฅด๋‹ค becomes ๋ชฐ๋ผ์š”. This is because ใ…ก is dropped and an additional ใ„น is added before the ending ์•„์š”. ๋ชจ๋ฅด(๋‹ค) to not know ๋ชจ๋ฅด - ใ…ก = ๋ชจใ„น ๋ชจใ„น + ใ„น = ๋ชฐใ„น ๋ชฐใ„น + ์•„/์–ด์š” = ๋ชฐ๋ผ์š” ๋ชจ๋ฅด๋‹ค + ์•„/์–ด = ๋ชจ(ใ…— vowel) + ใ„น๋ผ or ใ„น๋Ÿฌ > ๋ชฐ๋ผ์š” / ๋ชฐ๋ž์–ด์š” / ๋ชฐ๋ผ์„œ โ€ผ๏ธRule 2 The vowel that comes before ๋ฅด determines whether ์•„ or ์–ด is used in the ending. ๋น ๋ฅด๋‹ค + ์•„/์–ด = ๋น (ใ… vowel) + ใ„น๋ผ or ใ„น๋Ÿฌ > ๋นจ๋ผ์š”/ ๋นจ๋ž์–ด์š” / ๋นจ๋ผ์„œ ๋น ๋ฅด๋‹ค = to be fast ๋น ๋ฅด - ใ…ก = ๋น ใ„น ๋น ใ„น + ใ„น = ๋นจใ„น ๋นจใ„น + ์•„/์–ด์š” = ๋นจ๋ผ์š” ๋‹ค๋ฅด๋‹ค + ์•„/์–ด = ๋‹ค(ใ… vowel) + ใ„น๋ผ or ใ„น๋Ÿฌ > ๋‹ฌ๋ผ์š”/ ๋‹ฌ๋ž์–ด์š” / ๋‹ฌ๋ผ์„œ ๋‹ค๋ฅด(๋‹ค) to be different ๋‹ค๋ฅด - ใ…ก = ๋‹คใ„น ๋‹คใ„น + ใ„น = ๋‹ฌใ„น ๋‹ฌใ„น + ์•„/์–ด์š” = ๋‹ฌ๋ผ์š” ์ž๋ฅด๋‹ค + ์•„/์–ด = ์ž(ใ… vowel) + ใ„น๋ผ or ใ„น๋Ÿฌ > ์ž˜๋ผ์š”/ ์ž˜๋ž์–ด์š” / ์ž˜๋ผ์„œ ์ž๋ฅด(๋‹ค) ์ž๋ฅด - ใ…ก = ์žใ„น ์žใ„น + ใ„น = ์ž˜ใ„น ์ž˜ใ„น + ์•„/์–ด์š” = ์ž˜๋ผ์š” ๊ณ ๋ฅด๋‹ค + ์•„/์–ด => ๊ณ (ใ…— vowel) + ใ„น๋ผ or ใ„น๋Ÿฌ => ๊ณจ๋ผ์š”/ ๊ณจ๋ž์–ด์š” / ๊ณจ๋ผ์„œ ๊ณ ๋ฅด(๋‹ค) to choose ๊ณ ๋ฅด - ใ…ก = ๊ณ ใ„น ๊ณ ใ„น + ใ„น = ๊ณจใ„น ๊ณจใ„น + ์•„/์–ด์š” = ๊ณจ๋ผ์š” ํ๋ฅด๋‹ค + ์•„/์–ด => ํ(ใ…ก vowel) + ใ„น๋Ÿฌ => ํ˜๋Ÿฌ์š”/ ํ˜๋ €์–ด์š” / ํ˜๋Ÿฌ์„œ ํ๋ฅด(๋‹ค) ํ๋ฅด - ใ…ก = ํใ„น ํใ„น + ใ„น = ํ˜ใ„น ํ˜ใ„น + ์•„/์–ด์š” = ํ˜๋Ÿฌ์š” ๊ธฐ๋ฅด๋‹ค + ์•„/์–ด => ๊ธฐ(ใ…ฃ vowel) + ใ„น๋ผ or ใ„น๋Ÿฌ => ๊ธธ๋Ÿฌ์š”/ ๊ธธ๋ €์–ด์š” / ๊ธธ๋Ÿฌ์„œ ๊ธฐ๋ฅด(๋‹ค) ๊ธฐ๋ฅด - ใ…ก = ๊ธฐใ„น ๊ธฐใ„น + ใ„น = ๊ธธใ„น ๊ธธใ„น + ์•„/์–ด์š” = ๊ธธ๋Ÿฌ์š” ์ œ ์–ธ๋‹ˆํ•˜๊ณ  ์ €๋Š” ์•„์ฃผ ๋งŽ์ด ๋‹ฌ๋ผ์š”. My sister and I are very different. ๋จธ๋ฆฌ๋ฅผ ์ž˜๋ผ์„œ ์‹œ์›ํ•ด์š”. It is very cool because I got my hair cut. ๋„ˆ๋ฌด ๋นจ๋ผ์„œ ๋ชป ๋ดค์–ด์š”. I couldnโ€™t see anything because it was too fast. ํ•œ๊ตญ์–ด๋ฅผ ๋ชฐ๋ผ์„œ ๋ถˆํŽธํ–ˆ์–ด์š”. It was very inconvenient because I didnโ€™t speak(know) Korean. ์•„๋ฌด๊ฑฐ๋‚˜ ๊ณจ๋ผ ๋ณด์„ธ์š”. You can choose anything. ๋ˆˆ๋ฌผ์ด ํ˜๋Ÿฌ์„œ ์•ˆ ๋ณด์˜€์–ด์š”. I couldnโ€™t see well because I was crying. ์ด ์ฑ„์†Œ๋“ค์„ ์ž˜ ๊ธธ๋Ÿฌ์„œ ํŒ” ๊ฑฐ์˜ˆ์š”. I will grow these vegetables and sell them. ๐Ÿ”ฐ๋ฅด Irregular Verb / ๋ฅด ๋ถˆ๊ทœ์น™ ๋น ๋ฅด๋‹ค To be fast ๋‹ค๋ฅด๋‹ค To be different ๊ฐ€๋ฅด๋‹ค To cut ๊ฑฐ๋ฅด๋‹ค To skip; To filter out ๊ณ ๋ฅด๋‹ค To select, to choose ๊ตฌ๋ฅด๋‹ค To roll; To stamp oneโ€™s feet ๊ทธ๋ฅด๋‹ค To be wrong, to be false ๊ธฐ๋ฅด๋‹ค To raise, to bring up ๋‚˜๋ฅด๋‹ค To carry, to transport ๋ˆ„๋ฅด๋‹ค To press, to push ๋„๋ฅด๋‹ค To vomit; To distribute ๋‘๋ฅด๋‹ค To put something around ๋งˆ๋ฅด๋‹ค To dry ๋ชจ๋ฅด๋‹ค To not know; To not understand ๋ฌด๋ฅด๋‹ค To be soft, to be runny ๋ฐ”๋ฅด๋‹ค To cover; To smear ๋ถ€๋ฅด๋‹ค To call out; To be full ์‚ฌ๋ฅด๋‹ค To commit to the flame; To winnow ์–ด๋ฅด๋‹ค To humour, to coax ์˜ค๋ฅด๋‹ค To climb up, to go up ์ด๋ฅด๋‹ค* To be early ์ž๋ฅด๋‹ค To cut, to chop ์กฐ๋ฅด๋‹ค To pester, to nag ์ง€๋ฅด๋‹ค To yell, to shriek ์ฐŒ๋ฅด๋‹ค To pierce, to stab ํ๋ฅด๋‹ค To flow, to run ํœ˜๋‘๋ฅด๋‹ค To wield, to brandish ํƒ€์˜ค๋ฅด๋‹ค To blaze, to rage ์ฐจ์˜ค๋ฅด๋‹ค To wax; To bubble over ์ง“๋ˆ„๋ฅด๋‹ค To press ์ฃผ๋ฌด๋ฅด๋‹ค To massage ์ €์ง€๋ฅด๋‹ค To commit something, to do (something bad) ์–ต๋ˆ„๋ฅด๋‹ค To suppress, to contain ์–ด์ง€๋ฅด๋‹ค To mess up, to make a mess ์–ด์šฐ๋ฅด๋‹ค To put together, to unite ์•ž์ง€๋ฅด๋‹ค To pass, to overtake ์•”์ง€๋ฅด๋‹ค To complete ์•„์šฐ๋ฅด๋‹ค To put together ์„œ๋‘๋ฅด๋‹ค To rush, to hasten ๋ฌธ์ง€๋ฅด๋‹ค To rub; To scrub ๋ฌด์ฐŒ๋ฅด๋‹ค To defeat, to beat ๋ชฉ๋งˆ๋ฅด๋‹ค To be thirsty ๋จธ๋ฌด๋ฅด๋‹ค To stay, to remain ๋งˆ๋ฌด๋ฅด๋‹ค To finish, to complete ๋– ์˜ค๋ฅด๋‹ค To come up; To float ๋‹ค์ง€๋ฅด๋‹ค To make sure; To press a person ๊ทธ๋Š๋ฅด๋‹ค To take care of, to look after ๊ฐ€์ƒˆ์ง€๋ฅด๋‹ค To cross each other, to intersect ๊ฐ€๋กœ์ง€๋ฅด๋‹ค To cut across, to traverse ๊ธฐ์–ด์˜ค๋ฅด๋‹ค To crawl up, to creep up ๋‚ ์•„์˜ค๋ฅด๋‹ค To fly up high, to soar ๋‹ฌ์•„์˜ค๋ฅด๋‹ค To become red-hot ๋›ฐ์–ด์˜ค๋ฅด๋‹ค To jump, to leap ์†Ÿ์•„์˜ค๋ฅด๋‹ค To soar into, to fly up ์œฝ๋ฐ•์ง€๋ฅด๋‹ค To bully, to browbeat

๐Ÿ”ฐใ…Ž Irregular ๐Ÿ”ฐใ…Ž final consonant has lots of changes when it meets a vowel. โ€ผ๏ธ1. When a lot of adjective which have ใ…Ž final consonant meets -(์œผ) verb ending, drops. ๋นจ๊ฐ›(๋‹ค) red => ๋นจ๊ฐ€+(์œผ)ใ„ด => ๋นจ๊ฐ„ ํ•˜์–—(๋‹ค) white => ํ•˜์•ผ (์œผ)ใ„น๊นŒ => ํ•˜์–„๊นŒ ๊ทธ๋ ‡(๋‹ค) be like that = ๊ทธ๋Ÿฌ+(์œผ)๋‹ˆ๊นŒ => ๊ทธ๋Ÿฌ๋‹ˆ๊นŒ ์ด๋ ‡๋‹ค be like this = ์ด๋Ÿฌ+(์œผ)๋ฉด ์ด๋Ÿฌ๋ฉด โ€ผ๏ธ2. ใ…Ž final consonant meets - ์•„/์–ด verb ending and ์•„/์–ด change to ์• /์—. Red ๋นจ๊ฐ›(๋‹ค) > ๋นจ๊ฐ€+์•„/์–ด์š” => ๋นจ๊ฐœ์š” White ํ•˜์–—(๋‹ค) > ํ•˜์•ผ+์•„/์–ด์š” => ํ•˜์–˜์š” ๊ทธ๋ ‡(๋‹ค) > ๊ทธ๋Ÿฌ+์•„/์–ด์„œ => ๊ทธ๋ž˜์„œ ์ €๋ ‡(๋‹ค) => ์ €๋Ÿฌ+์•„/์–ด์„œ => ์ €๋ž˜์„œ โ€ผ๏ธ3. There are some adjective/verb that don't change. to be good ์ข‹(๋‹ค)+์•„์š” => ์ข‹์•„์š” to be many ๋งŽ(๋‹ค)+(์œผ)ใ„ด ๋งŽ์€ give birth ๋‚ณ๋‹ค +์•„์„œ = ๋‚ณ์•„์„œ. to put ๋„ฃ๋‹ค + (์œผ)๋ฉด ๋„ฃ์œผ๋ฉด to touch ๋‹ฟ(๋‹ค)+(์œผ)๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์ด๋‹ค => ๋‹ฟ์„ ๊ฑฐ์˜ˆ์š” ใ…Ž + (์œผ) > ใ…Ž is drop ใ…Ž + ์•„/์–ด > ์•  ๐Ÿ”ฐExample Sentence: 1. ์ €๋Š” ๋นจ๊ฐ„์ƒ‰์„ ๊ฐ€์žฅ ์ข‹์•„ํ•ฉ๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. Red is my favorite color. 2. ์˜ค๋Š˜์€ ์ข€ ํ”ผ๊ณคํ•ด์š”. ๊ทธ๋Ÿฌ๋‹ˆ๊นŒ ๋‚ด์ผ ๊ฐ€์š”. 1 am tired today, so let's go tomorrow. 3. ๋งŽ์€ ์‚ฌ๋žŒ๋“ค์ด ์„ ๋ฌผ์„ ์ฑ…์ƒ ์œ„์— ๋†“์•˜๋‹ค. Many people put their gifts on the desk. 4. ์–ธ๋‹ˆ๊ฐ€ 8์›”์— ์•„์ด๋ฅผ ๋‚ณ์„ ๊ฑฐ์˜ˆ์š”. My sister is going to have a baby in August. ๐Ÿ”ฐList ใ…Ž Irregular Verb / ใ…Ž ๋ถˆ๊ทœ์น™ ๊นŒ๋งฃ๋‹ค To be black ํ•˜์–—๋‹ค To be white ๋…ธ๋ž—๋‹ค To be yellow ํŒŒ๋ž—๋‹ค To be blue ๋นจ๊ฐ›๋‹ค To be red ์ด๋ ‡๋‹ค To be like this ๊ทธ๋ ‡๋‹ค To be like that ์ €๋ ‡๋‹ค To be like that over there ์–ด๋–ป๋‹ค To be like what, to be how ๋ฟŒ์˜‡๋‹ค = to be hazy ๋…ธ๋ž—๋‹ค: ๋…ธ๋ž— โ†’ ๋…ธ๋ผ + ์•„/์–ด์š” โ†’ ๋…ธ๋ž˜์š” ๋นจ๊ฐ›๋‹ค: ๋นจ๊ฐ› โ†’ ๋นจ๊ฐ€ + ์•„/์–ด์š” โ†’ ๋นจ๊ฐœ์š” ํ•˜์–—๋‹ค: ํ•˜์–— โ†’ ํ•˜์•ผ + ์•„/์–ด์š” โ†’ ํ•˜์–˜์š” ๊นŒ๋งฃ๋‹ค: ๊นŒ๋งฃ โ†’ ๊นŒ๋งˆ + ์•„/์–ด์š” โ†’ ๊นŒ๋งค์š” ํŒŒ๋ž—๋‹ค: ํŒŒ๋ž— โ†’ ํŒŒ๋ผ + ์•„/์–ด์š” โ†’ ํŒŒ๋ž˜์š” ๋ฟŒ์˜‡๋‹ค: ๋ฟŒ์˜‡ โ†’ ๋ฟŒ์—ฌ + ์•„/์–ด์š” โ†’ ๋ฟŒ์˜ˆ์š”

๐Ÿ”ฐใ„ท Irregular Some stems of ใ„ท irregulars change to ใ„น when a suffix begins with a vowel. Format: Verb(ใ„ท ending) + vowel - ใ„ท changes to ใ„น ๊ฑท(๋‹ค) + ์–ด์š” โ†’ ๊ฑธ์–ด์š” ๊ฑท(๋‹ค) + (์œผ)๋ฉด โ†’ ๊ฑธ์œผ๋ฉด Example Sentence: 1. ์ €๊ธฐ๊นŒ์ง€ ๊ฐ™์ด ๊ฑธ์–ด ๊ฐ€์š”. Let's walk over there together. 2. ์ด๊ธธ์„ ๊ฑธ์œผ๋ฉด ์˜›๋‚  ์นœ๊ตฌ ์ƒ๊ฐ์ด ๋‚˜์š”. When I walk this street think of my old friend. 3. ์Œ์•…์„ ๋“ค์œผ๋ฉด ๋งˆ์Œ์ด ํŽธํ•ด์š”. I am very relaxed when l listen to music. 4. ๋ฌธ์„ ๋‹ซ์œผ์„ธ์š”. Please close the door. ๐Ÿ”ฐใ„ท Irregular Verb / ใ„ท ๋ถˆ๊ทœ์น™ ๋“ฃ๋‹ค To listen; To hear ๋ฌป๋‹ค To ask ๊ฑท๋‹ค To walk ์‹ฃ๋‹ค To load ๋ถ‡๋‹ค To swell; To rise ์น˜๋‹ซ๋‹ค To run up, to go up ๊นจ๋‹ซ๋‹ค To realize, to notice ํŒŒ๋ฌป๋‹ค To bury ์•Œ์•„๋“ฃ๋‹ค To understand, to follow Regular ใ„ท Verbs ๋‹ซ๋‹ค โ€“ to close ๋ฏฟ๋‹ค โ€“ to believe ๋ฐ›๋‹ค โ€“ to receive ์–ป๋‹ค โ€“ to get ๋ฌป๋‹ค โ€“ to bury ์Ÿ๋‹ค โ€“ to pour ๋‹๋‹ค โ€“ to rise ๊ณง๋‹ค โ€“ to be straight ๊ตณ๋‹ค โ€“ to harden ๋”›๋‹ค โ€“ to step ๋‚ด๋”›๋‹ค โ€“ to step forward
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๐Ÿ”ฐ ใ„น Irregular Verb ๋ถˆ๊ทœ์น™ โ€ผ๏ธRule 1: Endings Starting With ใ„ด,ใ…‚,ใ…… To conjugate ใ„น irregular verbs with endings starting with ใ„ด,ใ…‚,or ใ……, ใ„น is dropped from the verb stem. For example ์‚ด๋‹ค (to live) + the ending ๋„ค์š” becomes ์‚ฌ๋„ค์š”. This is because ใ„น is dropped from the verb stem before adding the ending. โ€ผ๏ธRule 2: Endings Starting With ์œผ or ์Šค When conjugating ใ„น irregular verbs with endings starting with ์œผ or ์Šค, the first thing you must do is drop ์œผ / ์Šค from the ending. After dropping ์œผ / ์Šค from the ending, the next thing you must do is decide whether or not to drop ใ„น from the verb stem. ์‚ด๋‹ค + (์œผ)๋‹ˆ๊นŒ = ์‚ฌ๋‹ˆ๊นŒ ์‚ด๋‹ค + (์œผ)๋ฉด = ์‚ด๋ฉด โ€ผ๏ธRule 3: Endings Starting With (์œผ)ใ„น This next conjugation rule is quite simple. When you want to conjugate ใ„น irregular verb with an ending which starts with (์œผ)ใ„น, drop (์œผ)ใ„น from the ending. For example: ๋งŒ๋“ค๋‹ค (to make) + (์œผ)ใ„น ๊ฑฐ์˜ˆ์š” (future tense ending) = ๋งŒ๋“ค ๊ฑฐ์˜ˆ์š”. โ€ผ๏ธRule 4: All Other Endings When conjugating an irregular ใ„น verb with an ending which is different to the ones mentioned above, then there is no special conjugation rule. They are conjugated just the same as regular verbs and adjectives. For example ์•Œ๋‹ค (to know) + ์•„์š”/์–ด์š” (present tense) = ์•Œ์•„์š”. In this example, just like regular verbs, the verb stem does not change. โฃ๏ธใ„น Irregular Example Sentences ์–ด๋””์— ์‚ฌ์„ธ์š”? (์‚ด๋‹ค) Where do you live? ์šฐ๋ฆฌ ์ง‘์€ ์ง์žฅ์—์„œ ๋ฉ‰๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. (๋ฉ€๋‹ค) My house is far from my workplace. ๋”์›Œ์š”? ์ฐฝ๋ฌธ์„ ์ข€ ์—ด๊นŒ์š”? (์—ด๋‹ค) Are you hot? Shall I open the window? ์šฐ๋ฆฌ ๋‚ด์ผ ๊ฐ™์ด ๋†€๊นŒ์š”? (๋†€๋‹ค) Shall we hang out tomorrow? ์™ธ๊ตญ ์ƒํ™œ์€ ํž˜๋“ค์ง€๋งŒ ์žฌ๋ฏธ์žˆ์–ด์š”. (ํž˜๋“ค๋‹ค) Living overseas is hard, but it is fun. ๐Ÿ”ฐใ„น Irregular Verb / ใ„น ๋ถˆ๊ทœ์น™ ์—ด๋‹ค To open ๋ฉ€๋‹ค To be far ์‚ด๋‹ค To live ํŒ”๋‹ค To sell ๋†€๋‹ค To play ์•Œ๋‹ค To know ๋‹ฌ๋‹ค To weigh; To be sweet ๋ถˆ๋‹ค To blow ๊ธธ๋‹ค To be long ๊ฑธ๋‹ค To hang ๋ฐ€๋‹ค To push, to nudge ์šธ๋‹ค To cry, to weep ๋“ค๋‹ค To hold, to take ๋Œ๋‹ค To turn, to rotate ํ’€๋‹ค To untie, to undo ๋Š˜๋‹ค To grow, to increase ๊ฐˆ๋‹ค To replace; To sharpen ๋ฌผ๋‹ค To bite, to snap [animals] ๋งŒ๋“ค๋‹ค To make ํž˜๋“ค๋‹ค To be difficult, to be tiresome ์ด๋Œ๋‹ค To lead, to guide ๊ฑฐ์น ๋‹ค To be rough, to be coarse ๊ธฐ์šธ๋‹ค To incline, to tilt ๋‹ฌ๋ ค๋“ค๋‹ค To attack, to spring out at.
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๐ŸŒŸใ…‚ Irregular Verb ์‰ฝ๋‹ค To be easy ๋งต๋‹ค To be spicy ์ถฅ๋‹ค To be cold ๋ฅ๋‹ค To be hot ๋•๋‹ค* To help ๊ณฑ๋‹ค* To be charming, to be lovely ๊ตฝ๋‹ค To roast, to bake ๊น๋‹ค To sew, to mend ์ค๋‹ค To pick up; To find ๋ˆ•๋‹ค To lie ๋ฌด๊ฒ๋‹ค To be heavy ๊ฐ€๋ณ๋‹ค To be light ๊ณ ๋ง™๋‹ค To be thankful ์–ด๋ ต๋‹ค To be difficult ๋”๋Ÿฝ๋‹ค To be dirty ๋ฌด์„ญ๋‹ค To be scary, to be frightening ๋‘๋ ต๋‹ค To be fearful, to be scared ๋ฐ˜๊ฐ‘๋‹ค To be glad, to be pleasant ๋ถ€๋Ÿฝ๋‹ค To be envious ์–ด๋‘ก๋‹ค To be dark, to be gloomy ์ฆ๊ฒ๋‹ค To be pleasant, to be enjoyable ๊ท€์—ฝ๋‹ค To be cute ์ฐธ๋‹ต๋‹ค To be truthful, to be sincere ์ƒˆ๋กญ๋‹ค To be new ์™ธ๋กญ๋‹ค To be lonely, to be solitary ํ•ด๋กญ๋‹ค To be detrimental ์ด๋กญ๋‹ค To be beneficial ์•„๋ฆ„๋‹ต๋‹ค To be beautiful ๊นŒ๋‹ค๋กญ๋‹ค To be picky to be choosy ํฅ๋ฏธ๋กญ๋‹ค To be interesting ------------------------------------------------ ๐ŸŒŸใ…… Irregular Verb / ใ…… ๋ถˆ๊ทœ์น™ ๊ธ‹๋‹ค To draw (a line) ๋‚ซ๋‹ค To be better; To be cured ์ “๋‹ค To stir, to whip ์žฃ๋‹ค To spin ์ง“๋‹ค To build, to write ์ž‡๋‹ค To connect, to link ๋ถ“๋‹ค To swell; To pour ํŠน์ง•์ง“๋‹ค To characterize ๋ˆˆ๋ฌผ์ง“๋‹ค To shed tears, to weep ๋†์‚ฌ์ง“๋‹ค To farm ๊ฐ€๋กœ์ “๋‹ค To shake your head ๐ŸŒŸใ…… Irregular Verb / ใ…… ๋ถˆ๊ทœ์น™ ๊ธ‹๋‹ค To draw (a line) ๋‚ซ๋‹ค To be better; To be cured ์ “๋‹ค To stir, to whip ์žฃ๋‹ค To spin ์ง“๋‹ค To build, to write ์ž‡๋‹ค To connect, to link ๋ถ“๋‹ค To swell; To pour ํŠน์ง•์ง“๋‹ค To characterize ๋ˆˆ๋ฌผ์ง“๋‹ค To shed tears, to weep ๋†์‚ฌ์ง“๋‹ค To farm ๊ฐ€๋กœ์ “๋‹ค To shake your head ----------------------------------------------- ๐ŸŒŸ ใ…ก Irregular Verb / ใ…ก ๋ถˆ๊ทœ์น™ ํฌ๋‹ค To be big ์“ฐ๋‹ค To write; To use ๋„๋‹ค To turn off ์˜ˆ์˜๋‹ค To be pretty ๋ฐ”์˜๋‹ค To be busy ์•„ํ”„๋‹ค To be painful, to be sick ๊ณ ํ”„๋‹ค To be hungry ๋‚˜์˜๋‹ค To be bad ๊ธฐ์˜๋‹ค To be happy ์Šฌํ”„๋‹ค To be sad ์ž ๊ทธ๋‹ค To lock ๋ชจ์œผ๋‹ค To gather, to collect -------------------------------------------- ๐Ÿ”ฐใ„ท Irregular Verb / ใ„ท ๋ถˆ๊ทœ์น™ ๋“ฃ๋‹ค To listen; To hear ๋ฌป๋‹ค To ask ๊ฑท๋‹ค To walk ์‹ฃ๋‹ค To load ๋ถ‡๋‹ค To swell; To rise ์น˜๋‹ซ๋‹ค To run up, to go up ๊นจ๋‹ซ๋‹ค To realize, to notice ํŒŒ๋ฌป๋‹ค To bury ์•Œ์•„๋“ฃ๋‹ค To understand, to follow Regular ใ„ท Verbs ๋‹ซ๋‹ค โ€“ to close ๋ฏฟ๋‹ค โ€“ to believe ๋ฐ›๋‹ค โ€“ to receive ์–ป๋‹ค โ€“ to get ๋ฌป๋‹ค โ€“ to bury ์Ÿ๋‹ค โ€“ to pour ๋‹๋‹ค โ€“ to rise ๊ณง๋‹ค โ€“ to be straight ๊ตณ๋‹ค โ€“ to harden ๋”›๋‹ค โ€“ to step ๋‚ด๋”›๋‹ค โ€“ to step forward --------------------------------------------- ๐Ÿ”ฐList ใ…Ž Irregular Verb / ใ…Ž ๋ถˆ๊ทœ์น™ ๊นŒ๋งฃ๋‹ค To be black ํ•˜์–—๋‹ค To be white ๋…ธ๋ž—๋‹ค To be yellow ํŒŒ๋ž—๋‹ค To be blue ๋นจ๊ฐ›๋‹ค To be red ์ด๋ ‡๋‹ค To be like this ๊ทธ๋ ‡๋‹ค To be like that ์ €๋ ‡๋‹ค To be like that over there ์–ด๋–ป๋‹ค To be like what, to be how ------------------------------------------- ๐Ÿ”ฐใ„น Irregular Verb / ใ„น ๋ถˆ๊ทœ์น™ ์—ด๋‹ค To open ๋ฉ€๋‹ค To be far ์‚ด๋‹ค To live ํŒ”๋‹ค To sell ๋†€๋‹ค To play ์•Œ๋‹ค To know ๋‹ฌ๋‹ค To weigh; To be sweet ๋ถˆ๋‹ค To blow ๊ธธ๋‹ค To be long ๊ฑธ๋‹ค To hang ๋ฐ€๋‹ค To push, to nudge ์šธ๋‹ค To cry, to weep ๋“ค๋‹ค To hold, to take ๋Œ๋‹ค To turn, to rotate ํ’€๋‹ค To untie, to undo ๋Š˜๋‹ค To grow, to increase ๊ฐˆ๋‹ค To replace; To sharpen ๋ฌผ๋‹ค To bite, to snap [animals] ๋งŒ๋“ค๋‹ค To make ํž˜๋“ค๋‹ค To be difficult, to be tiresome ์ด๋Œ๋‹ค To lead, to guide ๊ฑฐ์น ๋‹ค To be rough, to be coarse ๊ธฐ์šธ๋‹ค To incline, to tilt ๋‹ฌ๋ ค๋“ค๋‹ค To attack, to spring out at.

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