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Mar 21, 2022

Korean Grammar ~겠다

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A/V-겠어요 grammar means (1) will, plan to; (2) looks, sounds Usage 1 of A/V-겠어요: - Express the speaker’s intention or will to do something, so the subject must be the 1st person, e.g. 나 or 우리 = (I) will, be going to, plan to - It can be used to convey information that something is about to occur = will, should - Its negative form is -지 않겠어요 or 안 -겠어요 - This grammar is also used idiomatically or expressing thought of speaker in a more gentle and polite way. Usage 2 of A/V-겠어요: - Express a supposition about a certain situation or state = look like, sounds, appears - In past tense, A/V + 았/었겠어요. Adjective/Verb + 겠어요: 보다 → 보겠어요. 되다 → 되겠어요. 일하다 → 일하겠어요. 좋다 → 좋겠어요. 예쁘다 → 예쁘겠어요. 편하다 -->편하겠어요. The usage and the examples of this grammar : 1. referring to a future event or assumption/ to guess a situation or someone’s feeling. (a) 수업이 벌써 끝났겠다. The class must have already ended. (b) 맛있겠어요. It must be delicious 잘하겠어요. I will do well. 재미있었겠어요. It must have been really fun 2. referring to the speaker's will. 나는 이번 휴가 때는 부산에 가겠어 I would go to Busan during this vacation. 3. referring to a possibility or ability. 이 정도로 공부했으면 시험에 합격하겠지? If I studied this hard, I would pass the test, right? 4. increases the politeness (for 알다 and 모르다) 알겠습니다. I understand. 모르겠어요. I don’t know. 열심히 하겠습니다. I will work hard. 잘 먹겠습니다. I will eat well/ deliciously.
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